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Climate 2016, 4(4), 60; doi:10.3390/cli4040060

Flood in a Changing Climate: The Impact on Livelihood and How the Rural Poor Cope in Bangladesh

International Environmental and Disaster Management, Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
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Academic Editor: Yang Zhang
Received: 10 May 2016 / Revised: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 1 December 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
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Abstract

It is already documented that climate change will lead to an intensification of the global water cycle with a consequent increase in flood hazards. Bangladesh is also facing an increasing trend of flood disasters. Among the various risks and disasters in Bangladesh, flood is the most common and frequent. Floods make people vulnerable, as they take away their livelihoods at the first instance and leave them with little resources to overcome from the situation. Because of floods, rural poor communities face job loss, and two-thirds of their income is reduced, which limits their capabilities of preparedness, response, and recovery to subsequent floods. People cope with the situation by bearing substantial debts and a loss of productive assets. With an empirical field study in one of the most flood-prone upazilas (sub-districts) of Bangladesh, namely Goalanda Upazilla of the Rajbari district, this study intends to draw a “flood impact tree” of the study area. It also examines the impacts of flood on the livelihood of the rural poor and explores their coping strategies. This paper aims to facilitate an understanding of the impact of floods on their livelihood, especially on the income and occupations of the rural poor. At the same time, it aims to learn from their coping mechanisms. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood impact tree; livelihood; rural poor; climate change flood impact tree; livelihood; rural poor; climate change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Parvin, G.A.; Shimi, A.C.; Shaw, R.; Biswas, C. Flood in a Changing Climate: The Impact on Livelihood and How the Rural Poor Cope in Bangladesh. Climate 2016, 4, 60.

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