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Climate 2016, 4(4), 51; doi:10.3390/cli4040051

Wind Shear and the Strength of Severe Convective Phenomena—Preliminary Results from Poland in 2011–2015

1
Department of Climatology, University of Silesia, Bedzinska Str. 60, Sosnowiec 41-200, Poland
2
Skywarn Poland Association, 29 November Str. 18/19, Warsaw 00-465, Poland
3
Faculty of Production Engineering and Logistics, University of Technology in Opole, Proszkowska Str. 76, Opole 45-758, Poland
4
Department of Climatology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Dziegielowa Str. 27, Poznan 61-680, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Christina Anagnostopoulou and Yang Zhang
Received: 31 May 2016 / Revised: 28 September 2016 / Accepted: 8 October 2016 / Published: 13 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Extremes: Observations and Impacts)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5200 KB, uploaded 13 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

Severe convective phenomena cause significant loss in the economy and, primarily, casualties. Therefore, it is essential to forecast such extreme events to avoid or minimize the negative consequences. Wind shear provides an updraft-downdraft separation in the convective cell, which extends the cell lifetime. Wind shears between a few different air layers have been examined in all damaging convective cases in Poland, taken from the European Severe Weather Database between 2011 and 2015, in order to find their values and patterns according to the intensity of this phenomenon. Each severe weather report was assigned wind shear values from the nearest sounding station, and subsequently the presented summary was made. It was found that wind shear values differ between the given phenomena and their intensity. This regularity is particularly visible in shears containing 0 km wind. The highest shears occur within wind reports. Lower values are associated with hail reports. An important difference between weak and F1+ tornadoes was found in most of the wind shears. Severe phenomena probability within 0–6 km and 0–1 km shears show different patterns according to the phenomena and their intensity. This finding has its application in severe weather forecasting. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind shear; deep moist convection; large hail; severe wind gusts; tornadoes; Poland wind shear; deep moist convection; large hail; severe wind gusts; tornadoes; Poland
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pilorz, W.; Laskowski, I.; Łupikasza, E.; Taszarek, M. Wind Shear and the Strength of Severe Convective Phenomena—Preliminary Results from Poland in 2011–2015. Climate 2016, 4, 51.

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