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Climate 2016, 4(2), 18; doi:10.3390/cli4020018

Climate and Human Health: Relations, Projections, and Future Implementations

1
Investigador Prometeo, Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, EC090150 Guayaquil, Ecuador
2
Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning—Politecnico di Torino & Università di Torino, 10125 Turin, Italy
3
FIMCBOR—Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, ESPOL, EC090150 Guayaquil, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yang Zhang
Received: 13 March 2016 / Accepted: 15 March 2016 / Published: 25 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Impacts on Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [189 KB, uploaded 25 March 2016]

Abstract

It is widely accepted by the scientific community that the world has begun to warm as a result of human influence. The accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, arising primarily from the combustion of carbon fossil fuels and agricultural activities, generates changes in the climate. Indeed various studies have assessed the potential impacts of climate change on human health (both negative and positive). The increased frequency and intensity of heat waves, the reduction in cold-related deaths, the increased floods and droughts, and the changes in the distribution of vector-borne diseases are among the most frequently studied effects. On the other hand, climate change differs from many other environmental health problems because of its gradual onset, widespread rather than localized effect, and the fact that the most important effects will probably be indirect. Some recent and important publications show that only the collaboration between the meteorological and the public health communities can help us to thoroughly study the link between climate and health, thus improving our ability to adapt to these future changes. The aim of this editorial is to give different perspectives on a widely discussed topic, which is still too complicated to be addressed to a satisfactory extent. Moreover, it is necessary to underline the importance of using new biometeorological indices (i.e. thermal indexes, etc.) for future projections, in order to reduce the impacts of negative outcomes, protecting the population through adaptation measures and public awareness. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; adaptation; biometeorology; human health climate change; adaptation; biometeorology; human health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pezzoli, A.; Santos Dávila, J.L.; d’Elia, E. Climate and Human Health: Relations, Projections, and Future Implementations. Climate 2016, 4, 18.

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