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Climate 2015, 3(4), 901-936; doi:10.3390/cli3040901

The Health Effects of Climate Change in the WHO European Region

1
WHO European Centre for Environment and Health, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 1, Bonn 53113, Germany
2
Consultant to WHO European Centre for Environment and Health, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 1, Bonn 53113, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alessandro Pezzoli
Received: 30 June 2015 / Revised: 27 October 2015 / Accepted: 29 October 2015 / Published: 16 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Impacts on Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [720 KB, uploaded 3 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

The evidence of observed health effects as well as projections of future health risks from climate variability and climate change is growing. This article summarizes new knowledge on these health risks generated since the IPCC fourth assessment report (AR4) was published in 2007, with a specific focus on the 53 countries comprising the WHO European Region. Many studies on the effects of weather, climate variability, and climate change on health in the European Region have been published since 2007, increasing the level of certainty with regard to already known health threats. Exposures to temperature extremes, floods, storms, and wildfires have effects on cardiovascular and respiratory health. Climate- and weather-related health risks from worsening food and water safety and security, poor air quality, and ultraviolet radiation exposure as well as increasing allergic diseases, vector- and rodent-borne diseases, and other climate-sensitive health outcomes also warrant attention and policy action to protect human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate; climate change; climate variability; weather; health; diseases; literature; heat; cold; air pollution; ultraviolet radiation; allergies; flood; vectors climate; climate change; climate variability; weather; health; diseases; literature; heat; cold; air pollution; ultraviolet radiation; allergies; flood; vectors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wolf, T.; Lyne, K.; Martinez, G.S.; Kendrovski, V. The Health Effects of Climate Change in the WHO European Region. Climate 2015, 3, 901-936.

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