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Climate 2015, 3(4), 775-791; doi:10.3390/cli3040775

Urban Extreme Weather: A Challenge for a Healthy Living Environment in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

Department of Geography and Planning Sciences, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba 23482, Nigeria
Academic Editor: Alessandro Pezzoli
Received: 21 May 2015 / Revised: 11 September 2015 / Accepted: 15 September 2015 / Published: 30 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Impacts on Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1279 KB, uploaded 30 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

The increasing rate of heat in the climate in urban areas has become one of the striking problems in many developing countries. This study examined the relationships between the monthly temperature, rainfall and incidence of heat-rash between 2003 and 2012 in order to determine the impact of climate on occurrence of heat-rash in Akure, Ondo state, Nigeria. Data were obtained from Ondo State Specialist Hospital and Ondo State Meteorological Center. A line graph analysis was employed to identify the trend of the temperature, rainfall and incidence of this weather-based disease. Correlation analysis determined the relationship existing between the monthly temperature and the heat-rash. Tables and graphs were generally used for data presentation. The result shows that; the monthly temperature is low between the month of May and October when the minimum and maximum temperature is at 20.6 °C and 34.1 °C respectively; high temperature was recorded during the month of January, February, March and slightly different in April, November and December ranging from 24.6 °C to 35.1 °C.; the monthly temperature descends sharply during the month of March and remains low in April, May, June and July that characterized with high peak of rainfall; heat-rash has significant increase in 2003 (September), 2004 (September), 2007 (December), 2011 (November) and 2012 (October). The study recommends that people in this area and other related environments should engage in sensitizing the public on awareness of temperature—rash relationship and put up a measure of avoiding the heat effect during the periods of high temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: temperature; heat-rash; trend; weather; rainfall; heat temperature; heat-rash; trend; weather; rainfall; heat
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Daniel, O.A. Urban Extreme Weather: A Challenge for a Healthy Living Environment in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Climate 2015, 3, 775-791.

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