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Climate 2015, 3(4), 1035-1056; doi:10.3390/cli3041035

Processes Prior and during the Early 18th Century Irish Famines—Weather Extremes and Migration

1,2,†,* and 3,†
1
Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities, 45128 Essen, Germany
2
Department of Geography, Climatology, Climate Dynamics and Climate Change, Justus Liebig University, 35390 Giessen, Germany
3
Department of Earth Science and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen, Postbox 7803, N-5020 Bergen, Norway
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alessandro Pezzoli
Received: 8 September 2015 / Revised: 3 November 2015 / Accepted: 25 November 2015 / Published: 10 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Impacts on Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [870 KB, uploaded 10 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper advances the current debates on famine and famine history, with a focus on the first half of the 18th century in Ireland. Ireland was often hit by severe famines and two of them, specifically the famines of 1728–1729 and 1740–1741, are at the center of this article. The analysis of those famines will show the relevance of weather extremes as one driver in the functional chain of famines. Analyzing the linkage between weather extremes and social, political and economic vulnerabilities of the society further enhances the debate on past famines. Additionally, this paper focuses on the migration flows in the context of both Irish famines. These migration flows lay the foundation for the migration patterns during the “Great Irish Famine” of 1845–1852. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ireland; famine; forgotten famines; weather extremes; adaptation; migration Ireland; famine; forgotten famines; weather extremes; adaptation; migration
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Engler, S.; Werner, J.P. Processes Prior and during the Early 18th Century Irish Famines—Weather Extremes and Migration. Climate 2015, 3, 1035-1056.

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