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Plants 2017, 6(4), 44; doi:10.3390/plants6040044

Chemical Constituents and Antifungal Activity of Ficus hirta Vahl. Fruits

1
Jiangxi Key Laboratory for Postharvest Technology and Nondestructive Testing of Fruits & Vegetables; Collaborative Innovation Center of Post-Harvest Key Technology and Quality Safety of Fruits and Vegetables; College of Agronomy, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
2
Pingxiang University, Pingxiang 337055, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2017 / Revised: 25 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 27 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medicinal Plants and Natural Product Research)
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Abstract

Phytochemical investigation of Ficus hirta Vahl. (Moraceae) fruits led to isolate two carboline alkaloids (1 and 2), five sesquiterpenoids/norsesquiterpenoids (3–7), three flavonoids (8–10), and one phenylpropane-1,2-diol (11). Their structures were elucidated by the analysis of their 1D and 2D NMR, and HR-ESI-MS data. All of the isolates were isolated from this species for the first time, while compounds 2, 4–6, and 8–11 were firstly reported from the genus Ficus. Antifungal assay revealed that compound 8 (namely pinocembrin-7-O-β-d-glucoside), a major flavonoid compound present in the ethanol extract of F. hirta fruits, showed good antifungal activity against Penicillium italicum, the phytopathogen of citrus blue mold caused the majority rotten of citrus fruits. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ficus hirta; Moraceae; carboline alkaloids; sesquiterpenoids; flavonoids; antifungal Ficus hirta; Moraceae; carboline alkaloids; sesquiterpenoids; flavonoids; antifungal
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Wan, C.; Chen, C.; Li, M.; Yang, Y.; Chen, M.; Chen, J. Chemical Constituents and Antifungal Activity of Ficus hirta Vahl. Fruits. Plants 2017, 6, 44.

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