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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(5), 190; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7050190

A Smartphone-Based System for Outdoor Data Gathering Using a Wireless Beacon Network and GPS Data: From Cyber Spaces to Senseable Spaces

1
DeustoTech—Fundación Deusto, Avda. Universidades, 24, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
2
Faculty of Engineering, University of Deusto, Avda. Universidades, 24, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
3
TECNALIA Research & Innovation, 48160 Derio, Spain
4
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Universtitá Politecnica delle Marche, Edile e dell’ Architettura Via Brecce Bianche, 60100 Ancona, Italy
5
Department of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Automatics, Facultad de Ciencias, Edificio de Física, University of Extremadura, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 11 May 2018 / Accepted: 12 May 2018 / Published: 15 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human-Centric Data Science for Urban Studies)
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Abstract

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and mobile devices are deeply influencing all facets of life, directly affecting the way people experience space and time. ICTs are also tools for supporting urban development, and they have also been adopted as equipment for furnishing public spaces. Hence, ICTs have created a new paradigm of hybrid space that can be defined as Senseable Spaces. Even if there are relevant cases where the adoption of ICT has made the use of public open spaces more “smart”, the interrelation and the recognition of added value need to be further developed. This is one of the motivations for the research presented in this paper. The main goal of the work reported here is the deployment of a system composed of three different connected elements (a real-world infrastructure, a data gathering system, and a data processing and analysis platform) for analysis of human behavior in the open space of Cardeto Park, in Ancona, Italy. For this purpose, and because of the complexity of this task, several actions have been carried out: the deployment of a complete real-world infrastructure in Cardeto Park, the implementation of an ad-hoc smartphone application for the gathering of participants’ data, and the development of a data pre-processing and analysis system for dealing with all the gathered data. A detailed description of these three aspects and the way in which they are connected to create a unique system is the main focus of this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: CyberCardeto; smart spaces; open space monitoring; data science; geolocalization CyberCardeto; smart spaces; open space monitoring; data science; geolocalization
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Osaba, E.; Pierdicca, R.; Malinverni, E.S.; Khromova, A.; Álvarez, F.J.; Bahillo, A. A Smartphone-Based System for Outdoor Data Gathering Using a Wireless Beacon Network and GPS Data: From Cyber Spaces to Senseable Spaces. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 190.

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