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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(6), 156; doi:10.3390/ijgi6060156

An Efficient Vector-Raster Overlay Algorithm for High-Accuracy and High-Efficiency Surface Area Calculations of Irregularly Shaped Land Use Patches

1
School of Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Key Laboratory of Geographic Information System, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
3
Collaborative Innovation Center for Geospatial Information Technology, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
4
College of Urban and Environmental Science, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116021, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 22 March 2017 / Revised: 18 May 2017 / Accepted: 24 May 2017 / Published: 27 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4116 KB, uploaded 27 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

The Earth’s surface is uneven, and conventional area calculation methods are based on the assumption that the projection plane area can be obtained without considering the actual undulation of the Earth’s surface and by simplifying the Earth’s shape to be a standard ellipsoid. However, the true surface area is important for investigating and evaluating land resources. In this study, the authors propose a new method based on an efficient vector-raster overlay algorithm (VROA-based method) to calculate the surface areas of irregularly shaped land use patches. In this method, a surface area raster file is first generated based on the raster-based digital elevation model (raster-based DEM). Then, a vector-raster overlay algorithm (VROA) is used that considers the precise clipping of raster cells using the vector polygon boundary. Xiantao City, Luotian County, and the Shennongjia Forestry District, which are representative of a plain landform, a hilly topography, and a mountain landscape, respectively, are selected to calculate the surface area. Compared with a traditional method based on triangulated irregular networks (TIN-based method), our method significantly reduces the processing time. In addition, our method effectively improves the accuracy compared with another traditional method based on raster-based DEM (raster-based method). Therefore, the method satisfies the requirements of large-scale engineering applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface area; landforms; vector-raster overly; edge-effect; DEM; pixel boundary surface area; landforms; vector-raster overly; edge-effect; DEM; pixel boundary
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Xie, P.; Liu, Y.; He, Q.; Zhao, X.; Yang, J. An Efficient Vector-Raster Overlay Algorithm for High-Accuracy and High-Efficiency Surface Area Calculations of Irregularly Shaped Land Use Patches. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 156.

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