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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(12), 397; doi:10.3390/ijgi6120397

Trends and Opportunities of BIM-GIS Integration in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction Industry: A Review from a Spatio-Temporal Statistical Perspective

1
Australasian Joint Research Centre for Building Information Modelling, School of Built Environment, Curtin University, 6102 Perth, Australia
2
Department of Housing and Interior Design, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea
3
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
4
Department of Construction Management, School of Built Environment, Curtin University, 6102 Perth, Australia
5
Sustainable Built Environment National Research Centre, Curtin University, 6102 Perth, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 September 2017 / Revised: 27 November 2017 / Accepted: 1 December 2017 / Published: 2 December 2017
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Abstract

The integration of building information modelling (BIM) and geographic information system (GIS) in construction management is a new and fast developing trend in recent years, from research to industrial practice. BIM has advantages on rich geometric and semantic information through the building life cycle, while GIS is a broad field covering geovisualization-based decision making and geospatial modelling. However, most current studies of BIM-GIS integration focus on the integration techniques but lack theories and methods for further data analysis and mathematic modelling. This paper reviews the applications and discusses future trends of BIM-GIS integration in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry based on the studies of 96 high-quality research articles from a spatio-temporal statistical perspective. The analysis of these applications helps reveal the evolution progress of BIM-GIS integration. Results show that the utilization of BIM-GIS integration in the AEC industry requires systematic theories beyond integration technologies and deep applications of mathematical modeling methods, including spatio-temporal statistical modeling in GIS and 4D/nD BIM simulation and management. Opportunities of BIM-GIS integration are outlined as three hypotheses in the AEC industry for future research on the in-depth integration of BIM and GIS. BIM-GIS integration hypotheses enable more comprehensive applications through the life cycle of AEC projects. View Full-Text
Keywords: BIM; GIS; BIM-GIS integration; AEC; spatio-temporal statistics; smart sustainable city BIM; GIS; BIM-GIS integration; AEC; spatio-temporal statistics; smart sustainable city
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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, Y.; Wang, X.; Tan, Y.; Wu, P.; Sutrisna, M.; Cheng, J.C.P.; Hampson, K. Trends and Opportunities of BIM-GIS Integration in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction Industry: A Review from a Spatio-Temporal Statistical Perspective. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 397.

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