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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(12), 394; doi:10.3390/ijgi6120394

Inferring Social Functions Available in the Metro Station Area from Passengers’ Staying Activities in Smart Card Data

1
Wuhan Land Use and Urban Spatial Planning Research Center, 55 Sanyang Road, Wuhan 430014, China
2
School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430074, China
3
State Key Laboratory for Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
4
School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, 8 Donghu Nan Road, Wuhan 430072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 October 2017 / Revised: 24 November 2017 / Accepted: 26 November 2017 / Published: 1 December 2017
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Abstract

The function of a metro station area is vital for city planners to consider when establishing a context-aware Transit-Oriented Development policy around the station area. However, the functions of metro station areas are hard to infer using the static land use distribution and other traditional survey datasets. In this paper, we propose a method to infer the functions occurring around the metro station catchment areas according to the patterns of staying activities derived from smart card data. We first define the staying activities by the spatial and temporal constraints of the two consecutive alighting and boarding records from the individual travel profile. Then we cluster and label the whole staying activities by considering the features of duration, frequency, and start time. By analyzing the percentage of different types of aggregated activities happening around each metro station, we cluster and explore the functions of the metro station area. Taking Wuhan as a case study, we analyze the results of Wuhan metro systems and discuss the similarities and differences between the functions and the land use distribution around the station area. The results show that although there exist some agreements, there is also a gap between the human activities and the land uses around the station area. These findings could give us deeper insight into how people act around the stations by metro systems, which will ultimately benefit the urban planning and policy development. View Full-Text
Keywords: social function; metro station areas; smart card data; staying activities; Transit-Oriented Development social function; metro station areas; smart card data; staying activities; Transit-Oriented Development
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, Y.; Fang, Z.; Zhan, Q.; Huang, Y.; Fu, X. Inferring Social Functions Available in the Metro Station Area from Passengers’ Staying Activities in Smart Card Data. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 394.

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