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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4(3), 1693-1706; doi:10.3390/ijgi4031693

OGC Consensus: How Successful Standards Are Made

1
Carl Reed and Associates, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA
2
Image Matters, LLC, 201 Loudoun St SW, Leesburg, VA 20175, USA
3
Open Geospatial Consortium, 35 Main Street, Suite 5, Wayland, MA 01778, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 1 May 2015 / Accepted: 20 July 2015 / Published: 7 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 20 Years of OGC: Open Geo-Data, Software, and Standards)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [335 KB, uploaded 7 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper describes the history, background, and current status of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards development consensus process. The roots of the formation of the OGC lie in the early 1990s when a very strong market requirement for exchanging GIS data content was clearly stated. At that time, each GIS vendor had their own formats for publishing and/or exchanging their GIS data. There was no mechanism or organization that provided a forum for the GIS vendors and GIS data users to collaborate and agree on how to share GIS data. That requirement, along with the vision of a few individuals, led to the formation of the OGC. This paper describes the early development of the consensus process in the OGC, how this process has evolved over time, why consensus is so important for defining open standards that are implemented in the marketplace, and the future of the OGC consensus process. View Full-Text
Keywords: OGC; consensus; standards; geospatial; GIS OGC; consensus; standards; geospatial; GIS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Reed, C.; Buehler, K.; McKee, L. OGC Consensus: How Successful Standards Are Made. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4, 1693-1706.

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