Next Article in Journal
OGC Consensus: How Successful Standards Are Made
Next Article in Special Issue
Dynamically Integrating OSM Data into a Borderland Database
Previous Article in Journal
Quality Evaluation of VGI Using Authoritative Data—A Comparison with Land Use Data in Southern Germany
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Geoweb-Based Tagging System for Borderlands Data Acquisition
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4(3), 1672-1692; doi:10.3390/ijgi4031672

Towards Measuring and Visualizing Sustainable National Power—A Case Study of China and Neighboring Countries

Beijing Key Laboratory for Remote Sensing of Environment and Digital Cities & School of Geography, State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 15 May 2015 / Revised: 13 August 2015 / Accepted: 27 August 2015 / Published: 2 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Borderlands Modeling and Analysis)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1311 KB, uploaded 2 September 2015]   |  


This paper presents a new perspective of national power—sustainable national power (SNP)—emphasizing both the traditional comprehensive national power (CNP) and social and environmental sustainability. We propose a measurement to quantify the SNP based on the measurement of comprehensive national power and a sustainable adjusted index. In addition, density-equalizing maps are adopted to visualize the sustainable national power of countries in order to gain a better understanding for its current state and future development from a cartographic perspective. China and its neighboring countries are selected as a case study area. The results show that China outperforms other countries in most of the CNP dimensions but performs poorly in various SNP-adjusted dimensions within the study area. The composite score shows that China is with the highest regional SNP, followed by Japan, Russia, South Korea and India. Furthermore, time series of cartograms reveal evidence showing power transitions among countries. In addition, the effectiveness of cartograms for cartographic communication is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: cartogram; social sustainability; environmental sustainability; national power cartogram; social sustainability; environmental sustainability; national power

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liao, H.; Dong, W.; Liu, H.; Ge, Y. Towards Measuring and Visualizing Sustainable National Power—A Case Study of China and Neighboring Countries. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4, 1672-1692.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. EISSN 2220-9964 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top