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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4(3), 1290-1300; doi:10.3390/ijgi4031290

Enhancing Disaster Management: Development of a Spatial Database of Day Care Centers in the USA

Geographic Information Science and Technology Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, One Bethel Valley Road, P.O. Box 2008 MS-6017, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
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Academic Editors: Christoph Aubrecht and Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 1 May 2015 / Revised: 15 July 2015 / Accepted: 20 July 2015 / Published: 30 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geoinformation for Disaster Risk Management)
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Abstract

Children under the age of five constitute around 7% of the total U.S. population, and represent a segment of the population that is totally dependent on others for day-to-day activities. A significant proportion of this population spends time in some form of day care arrangement while their parents are away from home. Accounting for those children during emergencies is of high priority, which requires a broad understanding of the locations of such day care centers. As concentrations of at risk population, the spatial location of day care centers is critical for any type of emergency preparedness and response (EPR). However, until recently, the U.S. emergency preparedness and response community did not have access to a comprehensive spatial database of day care centers at the national scale. This paper describes an approach for the development of the first comprehensive spatial database of day care center locations throughout the U.S. utilizing a variety of data harvesting techniques to integrate information from widely disparate data sources followed by geolocating for spatial precision. In the context of disaster management, such spatially refined demographic databases hold tremendous potential for improving high-resolution population distribution and dynamics models and databases. View Full-Text
Keywords: day care; child care; spatial database; population distribution day care; child care; spatial database; population distribution
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Singh, N.; Tuttle, M.; Bhaduri, B. Enhancing Disaster Management: Development of a Spatial Database of Day Care Centers in the USA. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4, 1290-1300.

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