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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4(1), 47-58; doi:10.3390/ijgi4010047

Geospatial Technology: A Tool to Aid in the Elimination of Malaria in Bangladesh

1
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
2
International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research Bangladesh, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
3
Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
4
Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fazlay S. Faruque and Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 29 May 2014 / Accepted: 11 December 2014 / Published: 31 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies in Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1211 KB, uploaded 31 December 2014]   |  

Abstract

Bangladesh is a malaria endemic country. There are 13 districts in the country bordering India and Myanmar that are at risk of malaria. The majority of malaria morbidity and mortality cases are in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, the mountainous southeastern region of Bangladesh. In recent years, malaria burden has declined in the country. In this study, we reviewed and summarized published data (through 2014) on the use of geospatial technologies on malaria epidemiology in Bangladesh and outlined potential contributions of geospatial technologies for eliminating malaria in the country. We completed a literature review using “malaria, Bangladesh” search terms and found 218 articles published in peer-reviewed journals listed in PubMed. After a detailed review, 201 articles were excluded because they did not meet our inclusion criteria, 17 articles were selected for final evaluation. Published studies indicated geospatial technologies tools (Geographic Information System, Global Positioning System, and Remote Sensing) were used to determine vector-breeding sites, land cover classification, accessibility to health facility, treatment seeking behaviors, and risk mapping at the household, regional, and national levels in Bangladesh. To achieve the goal of malaria elimination in Bangladesh, we concluded that further research using geospatial technologies should be integrated into the country’s ongoing surveillance system to identify and better assess progress towards malaria elimination. View Full-Text
Keywords: malaria; Bangladesh; GIS; GPS; remote sensing malaria; Bangladesh; GIS; GPS; remote sensing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kirk, K.E.; Haq, M.Z.; Alam, M.S.; Haque, U. Geospatial Technology: A Tool to Aid in the Elimination of Malaria in Bangladesh. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4, 47-58.

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