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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4(1), 400-417; doi:10.3390/ijgi4010400

Manifestation of an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Model on Fire Potential Zonation Mapping in Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal

1
Nepal Engineering College, Center for Postgraduate Studies (nec-CPS), Balkhu, Kathmandu 44618, Nepal
2
Acme Engineering College, Postgraduate Studies and Research Center, Sitapaila, Kathmandu 44614, Nepal
3
Attic Consulting Service, Thamel, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Christoph Aubrecht and Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 27 October 2014 / Revised: 3 March 2015 / Accepted: 10 March 2015 / Published: 19 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geoinformation for Disaster Risk Management)
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Abstract

Even though fewer people die as a result of fire than other natural disasters, such as earthquake, flood, landslide, etc., the average loss of property due to fire is high. Kathmandu Metropolitan City is becoming more vulnerable to fire due to haphazard urbanization and increase in population. To control problems due to fire, systematic studies are necessary, including fire potential mapping and risk assessment. This study applies an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method in Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal for generation of fire potential zonation map. The fire potential zonation map is prepared on the basis of available data of land use, fuel stations, and population density. This map shows that 58.04% of the study area falls under low fire potential zone, 32.92% falls under moderate fire potential zone and 9.04% falls under high fire potential zone. The map is also validated through major past fire incidents. The results show that the predicted fire potential zones are found to be in good agreement with past fire incidents, and, hence, the map can be used for future land-use planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: fire potential; Geographic Information System (GIS); Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP); Kathmandu Metropolitan City; Nepal fire potential; Geographic Information System (GIS); Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP); Kathmandu Metropolitan City; Nepal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chhetri, S.K.; Kayastha, P. Manifestation of an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Model on Fire Potential Zonation Mapping in Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4, 400-417.

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