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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2014, 3(4), 1445-1490; doi:10.3390/ijgi3041445

A Software Reference Architecture for Service-Oriented 3D Geovisualization Systems

Hasso-Plattner-Institute, University of Potsdam, Prof.-Dr.-Helmert-Str. 2-3, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
Received: 24 July 2014 / Revised: 14 October 2014 / Accepted: 19 November 2014 / Published: 19 December 2014
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Abstract

Modern 3D geovisualization systems (3DGeoVSs) are complex and evolving systems that are required to be adaptable and leverage distributed resources, including massive geodata. This article focuses on 3DGeoVSs built based on the principles of service-oriented architectures, standards and image-based representations (SSI) to address practically relevant challenges and potentials. Such systems facilitate resource sharing and agile and efficient system construction and change in an interoperable manner, while exploiting images as efficient, decoupled and interoperable representations. The software architecture of a 3DGeoVS and its underlying visualization model have strong effects on the system’s quality attributes and support various system life cycle activities. This article contributes a software reference architecture (SRA) for 3DGeoVSs based on SSI that can be used to design, describe and analyze concrete software architectures with the intended primary benefit of an increase in effectiveness and efficiency in such activities. The SRA integrates existing, proven technology and novel contributions in a unique manner. As the foundation for the SRA, we propose the generalized visualization pipeline model that generalizes and overcomes expressiveness limitations of the prevalent visualization pipeline model. To facilitate exploiting image-based representations (IReps), the SRA integrates approaches for the representation, provisioning and styling of and interaction with IReps. Five applications of the SRA provide proofs of concept for the general applicability and utility of the SRA. A qualitative evaluation indicates the overall suitability of the SRA, its applications and the general approach of building 3DGeoVSs based on SSI. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D geovisualization; software reference architecture; spatial data infrastructure; service-oriented architecture; standardization; image-based representation 3D geovisualization; software reference architecture; spatial data infrastructure; service-oriented architecture; standardization; image-based representation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hildebrandt, D. A Software Reference Architecture for Service-Oriented 3D Geovisualization Systems. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2014, 3, 1445-1490.

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