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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2014, 3(3), 1118-1121; doi:10.3390/ijgi3031118

Introduction to the Special Issue: Coastal GIS

Department of Geography, University of Washington, Box 353550, Smith Hall 408, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Received: 10 September 2014 / Accepted: 10 September 2014 / Published: 16 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal GIS)
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Excerpt

This special issue of the ISPRS International Journal of Geographic Information about “Coastal GIS” is motivated by many circumstances. More than one-half of the world’s human population lives in coastal areas (within 200 kilometers of coast) as of 2000 [1]. The trend toward coastal habitation is expected to continue in the US with the total being 75 percent by 2025, meaning that coastal human–environment interactions will likely increase and intensify [2]. Geographic information systems (GIS) are being developed and used by technical specialists, stakeholder publics, and executive/policy decision makers for improving our understanding and management of coastal areas, separately and together as more organizations focus on improving the sustainability and resilience of coastal systems. Coastal systems—defined as the area of land closely connected to the sea, including barrier islands, wetlands, mudflats, beaches, estuaries, cities, towns, recreational areas, and maritime facilities, the continental seas and shelves, and the overlying atmosphere—are subject to complex and dynamic interactions among natural and human-driven processes. Coastal systems are crucial to regional and national economies, hosting valued human-built infrastructure and providing ecosystem services that sustain human well-being. This special issue of IJGI about coastal GIS presents a collection of nine papers that address many of the issues mentioned above. [...] View Full-Text
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Nyerges, T. Introduction to the Special Issue: Coastal GIS. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2014, 3, 1118-1121.

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