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Robotics 2017, 6(2), 8; doi:10.3390/robotics6020008

Robot-Assisted Crowd Evacuation under Emergency Situations: A Survey

School of Computer and Electronic Engineering, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK
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Academic Editor: Genci Capi
Received: 27 December 2016 / Revised: 27 March 2017 / Accepted: 31 March 2017 / Published: 7 April 2017
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Abstract

In the case of emergency situations, robotic systems can play a key role and save human lives in recovery and evacuation operations. To realize such a potential, we have to address many scientific and technical challenges encountered during robotic search and rescue missions. This paper reviews current state-of-the-art robotic technologies that have been deployed in the simulation of crowd evacuation, including both macroscopic and microscopic models used in simulating a crowd. Existing work on crowd simulation is analyzed and the robots used in crowd evacuation are introduced. Finally, the paper demonstrates how autonomous robots could be effectively deployed in disaster evacuation, as well as search and rescue missions. View Full-Text
Keywords: crowd evacuation; emergent events; crowd simulation; robot; search and rescue missions crowd evacuation; emergent events; crowd simulation; robot; search and rescue missions
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sakour, I.; Hu, H. Robot-Assisted Crowd Evacuation under Emergency Situations: A Survey. Robotics 2017, 6, 8.

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