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Robotics 2013, 2(2), 92-121; doi:10.3390/robotics2020092
Review

Psychophysiological Methods to Evaluate User’s Response in Human Robot Interaction: A Review and Feasibility Study

1,2,* , 1
 and 2,3
1 CNR—Italian National Research Council, ISTC, Via San Martino Della Battaglia 44, Rome 00185, Italy 2 ECONA (Interuniversity Centre for the Research on Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems), Rome 00185, Italy 3 Department of Psychology, Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza", Rome 00185, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 March 2013 / Revised: 13 May 2013 / Accepted: 14 May 2013 / Published: 10 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Centred Robotics)
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Abstract

Implementing psychophysiological measures is a worthwhile approach for understanding human reaction to robot presence in terms of individual emotional state. This paper reviews the suitability of using psychophysiological assessment in human-robot interaction (HRI) research. A review of most common psychophysiological parameters used in a controlled laboratory setting is provided and advantages and challenges of their utilization in HRI experiments are described. Exemplar studies focused on the implementation of psychophysiological measures for the evaluation of the emotional responses of the participants to the robots’ presence are described. Based on the reviewed literature, the paper also describes the results of our own research experience to make the most of the emerged recommendations. We planned and performed a study aimed at implementing psychophysiological measurements for assessing the human response of two groups of older adults (Healthy vs. Mild Cognitive Impairment subjects) towards a telepresence robot. Finally, the paper provides a summary of lessons learned across the field in using psychophysiological measures in HRI studies.
Keywords: psychophysiological measurements; human-robot interaction; human response; socially assistive robots psychophysiological measurements; human-robot interaction; human response; socially assistive robots
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tiberio, L.; Cesta, A.; Olivetti Belardinelli, M. Psychophysiological Methods to Evaluate User’s Response in Human Robot Interaction: A Review and Feasibility Study. Robotics 2013, 2, 92-121.

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