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Biomolecules 2017, 7(3), 56; doi:10.3390/biom7030056

Suppression of mRNA Nanoparticle Transfection in Human Fibroblasts by Selected Interferon Inhibiting Small Molecule Compounds

1
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore, 1 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117580, Singapore
2
Program on Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-NUS Medical School, 8 College Road, Singapore 169857, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gordon G. Carmichael
Received: 10 June 2017 / Revised: 21 July 2017 / Accepted: 21 July 2017 / Published: 31 July 2017
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Abstract

In vitro transcribed (IVT) mRNA is increasingly applied in lieu of DNA to deliver reprogramming genes to fibroblasts for stem cell derivation. However, IVT mRNA induces interferon (IFN) responses from mammalian cells that reduces transfection efficiency. It has been previously suggested that small molecule inhibitors of IFN are a viable strategy to enhance mRNA transfection efficiency. Herein, we screen a list of commercially available small molecules, including published IFN inhibitors, for their potential to enhance mRNA transfection in BJ fibroblasts. Transfection enhancement is quantified by relative mean fluorescence intensity of translated green fluorescent protein (GFP) in treated cells compared to dimethyl sulfoxide treated controls. Within toxicological constrains, all tested small molecules did not enhance mRNA transfection in BJ fibroblasts while a third of the tested compounds unexpectedly inhibited GFP expression even though IFN-β production is inhibited. Based on the results of our study, we conclude that small molecule inhibitors, including IFN inhibitors, tested in this study do not enhance in vitro mRNA transfection efficiency in human fibroblasts. View Full-Text
Keywords: small molecules; mRNA delivery; interferon; transfection small molecules; mRNA delivery; interferon; transfection
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, Y.; Krishnan, M.N.; Phua, K.K. Suppression of mRNA Nanoparticle Transfection in Human Fibroblasts by Selected Interferon Inhibiting Small Molecule Compounds. Biomolecules 2017, 7, 56.

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