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Biomolecules 2017, 7(3), 45; doi:10.3390/biom7030045

Applications of Functional Amyloids from Fungi: Surface Modification by Class I Hydrophobins

Department of Chemical Sciences, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia 4, 80126 Naples, Italy
Division of Pharmacy and Optometry, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, The University of Manchester, M13 9PT Manchester, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Margaret Sunde, Matthew Chapman, Daniel Otzen and Sarah Perrett
Received: 15 May 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 22 June 2017 / Published: 26 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Amyloids)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1938 KB, uploaded 26 June 2017]   |  


Class I hydrophobins produced from fungi are amongst the first proteins recognized as functional amyloids. They are amphiphilic proteins involved in the formation of aerial structures such as spores or fruiting bodies. They form chemically robust layers which can only be dissolved in strong acids. These layers adhere to different surfaces, changing their wettability, and allow the binding of other proteins. Herein, the modification of diverse types of surfaces with Class I hydrophobins is reported, highlighting the applications of the coated surfaces. Indeed, these coatings can be exploited in several fields, spanning from biomedical to industrial applications, which include biosensing and textile manufacturing. View Full-Text
Keywords: functionalization; adhesion; biosensors; protein immobilization; biomedical applications; nanomaterials functionalization; adhesion; biosensors; protein immobilization; biomedical applications; nanomaterials

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Piscitelli, A.; Cicatiello, P.; Gravagnuolo, A.M.; Sorrentino, I.; Pezzella, C.; Giardina, P. Applications of Functional Amyloids from Fungi: Surface Modification by Class I Hydrophobins. Biomolecules 2017, 7, 45.

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