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Biomolecules 2014, 4(1), 117-139; doi:10.3390/biom4010117

Microbial Enzymes: Tools for Biotechnological Processes

1 Neol Biosolutions SA, BIC Granada, Granada 18016, Spain 2 Research Institute for Scientists Emeriti (R.I.S.E.), Drew University, Madison, NJ 07940, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 November 2013 / Revised: 2 January 2014 / Accepted: 2 January 2014 / Published: 16 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications)
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Microbial enzymes are of great importance in the development of industrial bioprocesses. Current applications are focused on many different markets including pulp and paper, leather, detergents and textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemical, food and beverages, biofuels, animal feed and personal care, among others. Today there is a need for new, improved or/and more versatile enzymes in order to develop more novel, sustainable and economically competitive production processes. Microbial diversity and modern molecular techniques, such as metagenomics and genomics, are being used to discover new microbial enzymes whose catalytic properties can be improved/modified by different strategies based on rational, semi-rational and random directed evolution. Most industrial enzymes are recombinant forms produced in bacteria and fungi.
Keywords: biocatalysis; industrial enzymes; microbial hosts; protein engineering biocatalysis; industrial enzymes; microbial hosts; protein engineering
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Adrio, J.L.; Demain, A.L. Microbial Enzymes: Tools for Biotechnological Processes. Biomolecules 2014, 4, 117-139.

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