Intercombination Transitions in the n = 4 Shell of Zn-, Ga-, and Ge-Like Ions of Elements Kr through Xe
AIRUB, Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany
Physics Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94550, USA
Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico at Cayey, P.O. Box 372230, Cayey, PR 00737-2230, USA
Astrophysique et Spectroscopie, Université de Mons UMONS, B-7000 Mons, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 April 2018 / Revised: 18 July 2018 / Accepted: 27 July 2018 / Published: 31 July 2018
Earlier beam-foil measurements have targeted 4s-4p intercombination transitions in the Zn-, Ga- and Ge-like ions of Nb (
), Mo (
), Rh (
), Ag (
) and I (
). At the time, the spectra were calibrated with literature data on prominent lines in the Cu- and Zn-like ions. Corresponding literature data on the intercombination transitions in Ga- and Ge-like ions were largely lacking, which caused some ambiguity in the line identifications. We review the (mostly computational) progress made since. We find that a consistent set of state-of-the-art computations of Ga- and Ge-like ions would be highly desirable for revisiting the beam-foil data and the former line identifications for the elements from Kr (
) to Xe (
). We demonstrate that the literature data for these two isoelectronic sequences are insufficient, and we contribute reference computations in the process. We discuss the option of electron beam ion trap measurements as an alternative to the earlier use of classical light sources, beam-foil interaction and laser-produced plasmas, with the example of Xe (
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
Share & Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Träbert, E.; Santana, J.A.; Quinet, P.; Palmeri, P. Intercombination Transitions in the n = 4 Shell of Zn-, Ga-, and Ge-Like Ions of Elements Kr through Xe. Atoms 2018, 6, 40.
Träbert E, Santana JA, Quinet P, Palmeri P. Intercombination Transitions in the n = 4 Shell of Zn-, Ga-, and Ge-Like Ions of Elements Kr through Xe. Atoms. 2018; 6(3):40.
Träbert, Elmar; Santana, Juan A.; Quinet, Pascal; Palmeri, Patrick. 2018. "Intercombination Transitions in the n = 4 Shell of Zn-, Ga-, and Ge-Like Ions of Elements Kr through Xe." Atoms 6, no. 3: 40.
Show more citation formats
Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.
[Return to top]
For more information on the journal statistics, click here
Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view.