Next Article in Journal
Brief Review on Black Hole Loop Quantization
Next Article in Special Issue
Charged and Electromagnetic Fields from Relativistic Quantum Geometry
Previous Article in Journal
Reissner–Nordström Anti-de Sitter Black Holes in Mimetic F(R) Gravity
Previous Article in Special Issue
Virial Theorem in Nonlocal Newtonian Gravity
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Universe 2016, 2(2), 11;

Einstein and Beyond: A Critical Perspective on General Relativity

Unidad Académica de Matemáticas, Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Zacatecas, ZAC C.P. 98000, Mexico
Academic Editors: Lorenzo Iorio and Elias C. Vagenas
Received: 4 January 2016 / Revised: 4 May 2016 / Accepted: 11 May 2016 / Published: 30 May 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [294 KB, uploaded 1 June 2016]   |  


An alternative approach to Einstein’s theory of General Relativity (GR) is reviewed, which is motivated by a range of serious theoretical issues inflicting the theory, such as the cosmological constant problem, presence of non-Machian solutions, problems related with the energy-stress tensor T i k and unphysical solutions. The new approach emanates from a critical analysis of these problems, providing a novel insight that the matter fields, together with the ensuing gravitational field, are already present inherently in the spacetime without taking recourse to T i k . Supported by lots of evidence, the new insight revolutionizes our views on the representation of the source of gravitation and establishes the spacetime itself as the source, which becomes crucial for understanding the unresolved issues in a unified manner. This leads to a new paradigm in GR by establishing equation R i k = 0 as the field equation of gravitation plus inertia in the very presence of matter. View Full-Text
Keywords: gravitation; general relativity; fundamental problems and general formalism; Mach’s principle gravitation; general relativity; fundamental problems and general formalism; Mach’s principle

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Vishwakarma, R.G. Einstein and Beyond: A Critical Perspective on General Relativity. Universe 2016, 2, 11.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Universe EISSN 2218-1997 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top