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Sci. Pharm. 2013, 81(1), 15-42; doi:10.3797/scipharm.1208-13

Design and Evaluation of Novel Antimicrobial and Anticancer Agents Among Tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline-5-thione S-Derivatives

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Zaporizhzhya State Medical University, Mayakovsky 26 ave., 69035, Zaporizhzhya, Ukraine
2
Department of Pharmacy, Crimea State Medical University, Lenina 5/7 ave., 95006, Simferopol, Ukraine
3
Bacterial Laboratory, Zaporizhzhya Regional Hospital, Orehovskoe 10 shosse, 69600, Zaporizhzhya, Ukraine
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 August 2012 / Accepted: 9 October 2012 / Published: 9 October 2012
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Abstract

The novel heterocyclization of 5-(2-aminophenyl)-1Н-tetrazole with potassium ethylxanthogenate or carbon disulfide was proposed. The potassium salt of the tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline-5-thione was subsequently modified by alkylation with proper halogen derivatives to (tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5-ylthio)alkyls, N,N-dialkylethylamines, 1-aryl-2-ethanones, 1-(alkyl)aryl-2-ethanols, carboxylic acids, and esters. The structures of all newly synthesized compounds were confirmed by FT-IR, UV-vis, LC-MS, 1H, 13C NMR, and elemental analysis data. The substances were screened for antibacterial and antifungal activities (100 μg) against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterobacter aerogenes, Entrococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Candida albicans. Preliminary bioluminescence inhibition tests against Photobacterium leiognathi Sh1 showed that substances 5.25.4, 6.1, 7.1 with ethanone or carboxylic acid substituents showed toxicity against bacteria cells. The substances chosen by the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) were screened for their ability to inhibit 60 different human tumor cell lines, where 2-(tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5-ylthio)-1-(4-tolyl)ethanone (5.2), 3-(tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5-ylthio)propanoic and related 3-metyl-butanoic acids (6.2, 6.3), and ethyl tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5-ylthio)acetate (7.2) showed lethal antitumor activity (1.0 μM) against the acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line (CCRF-CEM), and substances 5.2 and 6.3 exhibited moderate anticancer properties inhibiting growth of the leukemia MOLT-4 and HL06-(TB) cell lines. The moderate antitumor activity was demonstrated in 1-(2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5-ylthio)ethanone (5.4) against the CNS cancer cell line SNB-75. Comparing the docking mode of the Gefitinib and synthesised substances on the ATP binding site of EGFR, it could be assumed that these compounds might act in the same way. The results of the investigation could be considered as a useful base for future development of potent antimicrobials and antitumor agents among tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline-5-thione S-derivatives.
Keywords: Antifungal; Antibacterial; Bioluminescence; Anticancer; 5-R-tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline-5-thiones Antifungal; Antibacterial; Bioluminescence; Anticancer; 5-R-tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline-5-thiones
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

ANTYPENKO, L.M.; KOVALENKO, S.I.; ANTYPENKO, O.M.; KATSEV, A.M.; ACHKASOVA, O.M. Design and Evaluation of Novel Antimicrobial and Anticancer Agents Among Tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline-5-thione S-Derivatives. Sci. Pharm. 2013, 81, 15-42.

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