Next Article in Journal
NF-κB Inhibitory Activities of the Methanol Extracts and some Constituents therein of some Vietnamese Medicinal Plants
Previous Article in Journal
Simultaneous Determination of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine by High Performance Liquid Chromatography
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sci. Pharm. 2009, 77(2), 375-388; doi:10.3797/scipharm.090312

Simultaneous Aromatherapy Massage with Rosemary Oil on Humans

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Srinakharinwirot University, Rangsit- Ongkharak Road, Nakhonnayok 26120, Thailand
Received: 24 March 2009 / Accepted: 29 April 2009 / Published: 30 April 2009
Download PDF [218 KB, uploaded 21 December 2016]

Abstract

Massage of essential oils is increasing being used for the improvement of the quality of life and for the relief of various symptoms in patients, but scientific evaluation of the effects of fragrances in humans is rather scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of rosemary oil (Rosmarinus officinalis L., Labiatae) on human autonomic parameters and emotional responses in healthy subjects after transdermal absorption. Thirty five healthy volunteers participated in the experiments. Four autonomic parameters, i.e. blood pressure, breathing rate, pulse rate, skin temperature were recorded. Emotional responses were assessed by means of rating scales. Compared to placebo, rosemary oil caused significant increases of breathing rate, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure which indicate an increase of autonomic arousal. At the emotional level, subjects feel more attentive, more alert, more vigorous, and more cheerful than before the administration of the oil. This finding suggests an increase of arousal in terms of self-evaluation. In conclusion, our investigation demonstrates the stimulating effect of rosemary oil and provides evidence for its use in medicines for the relief of depression and stress in humans.
Keywords: Rosmarinus officinalis; Percutaneous absorption; Physiological parameters; Emotional parameters Rosmarinus officinalis; Percutaneous absorption; Physiological parameters; Emotional parameters
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

HONGRATANAWORAKIT, T. Simultaneous Aromatherapy Massage with Rosemary Oil on Humans. Sci. Pharm. 2009, 77, 375-388.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sci. Pharm. EISSN 2218-0532 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top