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Sci. Pharm. 2009, 77(1), 9-18; doi:10.3797/scipharm.0901-26

Alcohol Dehydrogenases as Tools for the Preparation of Enantiopure Metabolites of Drugs with Methyl Alkyl Ketone Moiety

Department of Technology and Biotechnology of Drugs, Medical College of Jagiellonian University, Medyczna 9, 30-680 Cracow, Poland
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Received: 26 January 2009 / Accepted: 17 February 2009 / Published: 17 February 2009
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Abstract

Three dehydrogenases – (R)-alcohol dehydrogenase from L. kefir, (S)-aromatic alcohol dehydrogenase from T. sp. and (S)-alcohol dehydrogenase from T. brockii – were tested for the preparation of enantiopure hydroxyl metabolites of pentoxifylline (PTX), propentofylline (PPT) and denbufylline (DBF). These metabolites have an important pharmacological significance. The experimental conditions were optimized for biocatalytic reactions. LKADH produced the chiral secondary alcohols: (R)-OHPTX, (R)-OHPPT and (R)-OHDBF, in an anti- Prelog’s rule configuration. In contrast, TBADH and SAADH also generated chiral secondary alcohols, but according to Prelog’s rule, giving (S)-OHPTX, (S)-OHPPT and (S)-OHDBF respectively. All the ADHs tested were characterized by a high enantioselectivity (ees of 99–100%), but the yield of bioconversion was only satisfactory for the reactions performed using LKADH, being in the 96–98% range for PPT and PTX respectively.
Keywords: Alcohol dehydrogenases; Stereoselective bioreduction; Pentoxifylline; Propentofylline; Denbufylline Alcohol dehydrogenases; Stereoselective bioreduction; Pentoxifylline; Propentofylline; Denbufylline
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

PĘKALA, E.; ŻELASZCZYK, D. Alcohol Dehydrogenases as Tools for the Preparation of Enantiopure Metabolites of Drugs with Methyl Alkyl Ketone Moiety. Sci. Pharm. 2009, 77, 9-18.

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