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Sci. Pharm. 2008, 76(3), 377-394; doi:10.3797/scipharm.0803-30 (registering DOI)

Topological Models for Prediction of Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Cephalosporins using Random Forest, Decision Tree and Moving Average Analysis

1
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, M.D. University, Rohtak, 124 001, INDIA
2
JCD College of Pharmacy, Sirsa, 125 055, INDIA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 March 2008 / Accepted: 24 June 2008 / Published: 30 June 2008
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Abstract

The topological indices were used to encode the structureal features of cephalosporins. Both topostructural and topochemical versions of a distance based descriptor, three adjacency based descriptors and five distance-cum-adjacency based descriptors were calculated. The values of 18 indices for each cephalosporin in the dataset were computed using an in-house computer program. Multiple pharmacokinetic parameters of cephalosporins were predicted using random forest, decision tree and moving average analysis. Random forest correctly classified the pharmacokinetic parameters into low and high ranges upto 95%. A decision tree was constructed for each pharmacokinetic parameter to determine the importance of topological indices. The decision tree learned the information from the input data with an accuracy of 95% and correctly predicted the cross-validated (10 fold) data with an accuracy of upto 90%. Three independent moving average based topological models were developed using a single range for simultaneous prediction of multiple pharmacokinetic parameters. The accuracy of classification of single index based models using moving average analysis varied from 65% to 100%.
Keywords: Topological indices; Random forest; Decision tree; Moving average analysis; Pharmacokinetic parameters; Cephalosporins Topological indices; Random forest; Decision tree; Moving average analysis; Pharmacokinetic parameters; Cephalosporins
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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DUREJA, H.; GUPTA, S.; MADAN, A.K. Topological Models for Prediction of Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Cephalosporins using Random Forest, Decision Tree and Moving Average Analysis. Sci. Pharm. 2008, 76, 377-394.

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