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Electronics 2014, 3(1), 1-21; doi:10.3390/electronics3010001
Article

Compressed Air Energy Storage System Control and Performance Assessment Using Energy Harvested Index

* ,
 and
Memorial University of Newfoundland, Suite 4019, 300 Prince Philip Drive, Engineering and Applied Science Building, St.John's, NL A1B 3X5, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 August 2013 / Revised: 21 December 2013 / Accepted: 24 December 2013 / Published: 3 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Energy Systems)
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Abstract

In this paper a new concept for control and performance assessment of compressed air energy storage (CAES) systems in a hybrid energy system is introduced. The proposed criterion, based on the concept of energy harvest index (HEI), measures the capability of a storage system to capture renewable energy. The overall efficiency of the CAES system and optimum control and design from the technical and economic point of view is presented. A possible application of this idea is an isolated community with significant wind energy resource. A case study reveals the usefulness of the proposed criterion in design, control and implementation of a small CAES system in a hybrid power system (HPM) for an isolated community. Energy harvested index and its effectiveness in increasing the wind penetration rate in the total energy production is discussed.
Keywords: energy storage systems; harvested energy index (HEI); compressed air energy storage; hybrid power systems; wind power generation; wind integration; renewable energy energy storage systems; harvested energy index (HEI); compressed air energy storage; hybrid power systems; wind power generation; wind integration; renewable energy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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SedighNejad, H.; Iqbal, T.; Quaicoe, J. Compressed Air Energy Storage System Control and Performance Assessment Using Energy Harvested Index. Electronics 2014, 3, 1-21.

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