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Cosmetics 2016, 3(3), 26; doi:10.3390/cosmetics3030026

Human Hair and the Impact of Cosmetic Procedures: A Review on Cleansing and Shape-Modulating Cosmetics

1
Centre of Biological Engineering (CEB), University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
2
Centre of Molecular and Environmental Biology (CBMA), University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Won-Soo Lee
Received: 20 May 2016 / Revised: 13 July 2016 / Accepted: 14 July 2016 / Published: 25 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hair Care Cosmetics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6171 KB, uploaded 25 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Hair can be strategically divided into two distinct parts: the hair follicle, deeply buried in the skin, and the visible hair fiber. The study of the hair follicle is mainly addressed by biological sciences while the hair fiber is mainly studied from a physicochemical perspective by cosmetic sciences. This paper reviews the key topics in hair follicle biology and hair fiber biochemistry, in particular the ones associated with the genetically determined cosmetic attributes: hair texture and shape. The traditional and widespread hair care procedures that transiently or permanently affect these hair fiber features are then described in detail. When hair is often exposed to some particularly aggressive cosmetic treatments, hair fibers become damaged. The future of hair cosmetics, which are continuously evolving based on ongoing research, will be the development of more efficient and safer procedures according to consumers’ needs and concerns. View Full-Text
Keywords: hair; hair care; hair fiber; hair follicle; cosmetics; straightening; waving; cleansing; hair shape hair; hair care; hair fiber; hair follicle; cosmetics; straightening; waving; cleansing; hair shape
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Cruz, C.F.; Costa, C.; Gomes, A.C.; Matamá, T.; Cavaco-Paulo, A. Human Hair and the Impact of Cosmetic Procedures: A Review on Cleansing and Shape-Modulating Cosmetics. Cosmetics 2016, 3, 26.

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