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Resources 2017, 6(4), 70; doi:10.3390/resources6040070

Waste Municipal Service and Informal Recycling Sector in Fast-Growing Asian Cities: Co-Existence, Opposition or Integration?

1
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 8586 PRODIG, 2 Rue Valette, 75005 Paris, France
2
2 Ter Rue des Puits Creuses, 31000 Toulouse, France
3
Faculty of Urban and Rural Planning, Hanoi Architectural University, Km10 Nguyen Trai, Thanh Xuan, Hanoi 100803, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 October 2017 / Revised: 29 November 2017 / Accepted: 6 December 2017 / Published: 11 December 2017
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Abstract

Despite being generally poorly recognized by public authorities, informal recycling remains nevertheless a major component in the waste sector, which questions the legitimacy of the official waste arrangements. A look at the current transformation in Hanoi (Vietnam), Delhi (India) and Surabaya (Indonesia) allows us to understand the socio-technical aspects of infrastructural choices in the management of waste generated in fast-growing Asian cities. The three cases present similar traditional recycling practices yet contrasted (non-) regulation within their waste policies. From the co-existence of a municipal waste management service with a traditional informal recycling sector, to an opposition between both, there is also a possibility of making use of the existing local practices to achieve a more sustainable system. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste management; linear system; recycling; informal sector; Hanoi; Surabaya; Delhi waste management; linear system; recycling; informal sector; Hanoi; Surabaya; Delhi
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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de Bercegol, R.; Cavé, J.; Nguyen Thai Huyen, A. Waste Municipal Service and Informal Recycling Sector in Fast-Growing Asian Cities: Co-Existence, Opposition or Integration? Resources 2017, 6, 70.

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