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Resources 2016, 5(1), 4; doi:10.3390/resources5010004

Linking Material Flow Analysis with Resilience Using Rice: A Case Study in Global, Visual MFA of a Key Food Product

IN+, Center for Innovation, Technology and Policy Research, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1, Lisboa 1049-001, Portugal
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Academic Editor: Witold-Roger Poganietz
Received: 5 November 2015 / Revised: 23 December 2015 / Accepted: 6 January 2016 / Published: 20 January 2016
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Abstract

This article uses the rice price crisis of 2007–2008 to show how material flow analysis (MFA) can be combined with resilience research. After presentation of fundamental information and methods, resilience-related concepts are illustrated using graphical methods and MFA data. Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) and node-link diagrams are used to highlight potential vulnerability hotspots and show response to, recovery from disturbance and adaptation following a disruption of the global rice market. The methods presented are especially useful in rapid screening for potential impact of supply-side disruptions, such as export restrictions or poor harvests. The article concludes by discussing other potential applications of the chosen approach and stressing the importance of visual communication in dissemination of results and cross-pollination between disciplines. All the data used in this study is available online, as interactive visualizations, at: http://ricestudyvis.weebly.com. View Full-Text
Keywords: material flow analysis; material flow accounting; rice; crisis; food network; resilience; vulnerability; adaptation; visualization; mapping material flow analysis; material flow accounting; rice; crisis; food network; resilience; vulnerability; adaptation; visualization; mapping
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Monit, M.; Pina, A.; Ferrão, P. Linking Material Flow Analysis with Resilience Using Rice: A Case Study in Global, Visual MFA of a Key Food Product. Resources 2016, 5, 4.

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