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Systems 2017, 5(3), 44; doi:10.3390/systems5030044

A Systems-Based Framework for Design and Analysis of an R and D Structure

1
National Centers for System of Systems Engineering, Engineering Management and Systems Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
2
Engineering and Technology Management, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 April 2017 / Revised: 19 June 2017 / Accepted: 26 June 2017 / Published: 29 June 2017
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Abstract

A critical challenge for managerial effectiveness and competitive advantage in research and development (R and D) organizations is developing an appropriate structural configuration. However, in finding an appropriate structural configuration, R and D managers are faced with unprecedented levels of uncertainty, ambiguity, and accelerating complexity, coupled with demands for increased productivity. This paper develops a systems-based framework to support rigorous design, analysis, and transformation of the structure for R and D organizations. The framework development includes: (1) a review of the literature for the nature and role of the structure in R and D management; (2) setting of the R and D structure problem from a systems perspective; (3) establishing a systems view of R and D structure; (4) articulation of a systems-based framework for R and D structure drawing on management cybernetics and systems theory; and (5) an application of the framework to design the structure for a multidisciplinary R and D center. The paper concludes with implications and utility of the framework for practicing R and D managers challenged with structuring an R and D organization. View Full-Text
Keywords: complexity theory; risk analysis; research and development; management complexity theory; risk analysis; research and development; management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Katina, P.F.; Keating, C.B.; Magpili, L.M. A Systems-Based Framework for Design and Analysis of an R and D Structure. Systems 2017, 5, 44.

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