Next Article in Journal
Systems Engineering in Front-End Governance of Major Public Investment Projects
Next Article in Special Issue
A Balance Paradigm for Post-Plutocracy: Toward Sustainable Development with Integral Harmony
Previous Article in Journal
Reaction Networks as a Language for Systemic Modeling: Fundamentals and Examples
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Systems 2017, 5(1), 12; doi:10.3390/systems5010012

Complexity Triggered by Economic Globalisation— The Issue of On-Line Betting-Related Match Fixing

University Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, Observatory of the sports economy at the (French) Ministry of Sports, International Association of Sports Economists and of the European Sports Economics Association, 61 chemin du Pouget, Lédignan 30350, France
Received: 15 December 2016 / Accepted: 6 February 2017 / Published: 13 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Complex Social Systems: Theory And Practice)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [660 KB, uploaded 14 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Complexity in mainstream economics consists in high intermediary consumption of mathematics. A new approach to complexity economics dwells upon path-dependent global systems; their emergence and evolving organisation. The focus here is on the complexity of the real economic world due to globalisation. On-line betting related match-fixing is a case in point about which the article presents non-exhaustive empirical evidence and shows how it is analysed with the standard model of the economics of crime. There is no room for complexity in such an individualistic approach to corrupt behaviour applied to bet-related fixes. A more complex model is sketched based on interactions between a global (though underground) market for fixes and the actual partly legal, partly illegal global sport betting market. These interactions exhibit how complex is the issue of combating betting-related match fixing. Reviewing those major policies envisaged for containing the latter—prohibition; sanctions; regulation; privatisation (betting rights)—the article opts for a global ‘Sportbettobin’ tax on sport betting gains; in the same vein as the famous Tobin tax on international capital transfers. The novelty in this approach is a variable (increasing) rate applied to increasing tranches of taxation (gains) which should dry up the worst cases of on-line bettingrelated match fixing. View Full-Text
Keywords: sports economics; globalisation; match fixing; on-line betting; corruption; taxation; modelling sports economics; globalisation; match fixing; on-line betting; corruption; taxation; modelling
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Andreff, W. Complexity Triggered by Economic Globalisation— The Issue of On-Line Betting-Related Match Fixing. Systems 2017, 5, 12.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Systems EISSN 2079-8954 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top