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Biology 2015, 4(4), 907-922; doi:10.3390/biology4040907

Phagocytosis in Teleosts. Implications of the New Cells Involved

Department of Cell Biology and Histology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
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Academic Editor: Brian Dixon
Received: 26 October 2015 / Revised: 24 November 2015 / Accepted: 27 November 2015 / Published: 4 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Topics in Fish Immunity)
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Abstract

Phagocytosis is the process by which cells engulf some solid particles to form internal vesicles known as phagosomes. Phagocytosis is in fact a specific form of endocytosis involving the vesicular interiorization of particles. Phagocytosis is essentially a defensive reaction against infection and invasion of the body by foreign substances and, in the immune system, phagocytosis is a major mechanism used to remove pathogens and/or cell debris. For these reasons, phagocytosis in vertebrates has been recognized as a critical component of the innate and adaptive immune responses to pathogens. Furthermore, more recent studies have revealed that phagocytosis is also crucial for tissue homeostasis and remodeling. Professional phagocytes in teleosts are monocyte/macrophages, granulocytes and dendritic cells. Nevertheless, in recent years phagocytic properties have also been attributed to teleost lymphocytes and thrombocytes. The possible implications of such cells on this important biological process, new factors affecting phagocytosis, evasion of phagocytosis or new forms of phagocytosis will be considered and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: phagocytosis; immunity; teleosts phagocytosis; immunity; teleosts
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Esteban, M.Á.; Cuesta, A.; Chaves-Pozo, E.; Meseguer, J. Phagocytosis in Teleosts. Implications of the New Cells Involved. Biology 2015, 4, 907-922.

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