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The Role of Nuclear Bodies in Gene Expression and Disease
Department of Medical Genetics, Child & Family Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V5Z 4H4, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2013; in revised form: 13 June 2013 / Accepted: 20 June 2013 / Published: 9 July 2013
Abstract: This review summarizes the current understanding of the role of nuclear bodies in regulating gene expression. The compartmentalization of cellular processes, such as ribosome biogenesis, RNA processing, cellular response to stress, transcription, modification and assembly of spliceosomal snRNPs, histone gene synthesis and nuclear RNA retention, has significant implications for gene regulation. These functional nuclear domains include the nucleolus, nuclear speckle, nuclear stress body, transcription factory, Cajal body, Gemini of Cajal body, histone locus body and paraspeckle. We herein review the roles of nuclear bodies in regulating gene expression and their relation to human health and disease.
Keywords: nuclear bodies; transcription; gene expression; genome organization
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Morimoto, M.; Boerkoel, C.F. The Role of Nuclear Bodies in Gene Expression and Disease. Biology 2013, 2, 976-1033.
Morimoto M, Boerkoel CF. The Role of Nuclear Bodies in Gene Expression and Disease. Biology. 2013; 2(3):976-1033.
Morimoto, Marie; Boerkoel, Cornelius F. 2013. "The Role of Nuclear Bodies in Gene Expression and Disease." Biology 2, no. 3: 976-1033.