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Linking Eco-Energetics and Eco-Hydrology to Select Sites for the Assisted Colonization of Australia’s Rarest Reptile
School of Animal Biology, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia
School of Earth and Environment, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia
Department of Environment and Conservation, Swan Coastal District, 5 Dundebar Rd., Wanneroo WA 6065, Australia
Department of Geography, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Department of Zoology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 September 2012; in revised form: 22 November 2012 / Accepted: 14 December 2012 / Published: 27 December 2012
Abstract: Assisted colonization—the deliberate translocation of species from unsuitable to suitable regions—is a controversial management tool that aims to prevent the extinction of populations that are unable to migrate in response to climate change or to survive in situ. The identification of suitable translocation sites is therefore a pressing issue. Correlative species distribution models, which are based on occurrence data, are of limited use for site selection for species with historically restricted distributions. In contrast, mechanistic species distribution models hold considerable promise in selecting translocation sites. Here we integrate ecoenergetic and hydrological models to assess the longer-term suitability of the current habitat of one of the world’s rarest chelonians, the Critically Endangered Western Swamp Tortoise (Psuedemydura umbrina). Our coupled model allows us to understand the interaction between thermal and hydric constraints on the foraging window of tortoises, based on hydrological projections of its current habitat. The process can then be repeated across a range of future climates to identify regions that would fall within the tortoise’s thermodynamic niche. The predictions indicate that climate change will result in reduced hydroperiods for the tortoises. However, under some climate change scenarios, habitat suitability may remain stable or even improve due to increases in the heat budget. We discuss how our predictions can be integrated with energy budget models that can capture the consequences of these biophysical constraints on growth, reproduction and body condition.
Keywords: assisted colonization; climate change; rainfall decline; hydroperiod; thermodynamic niche; tortoise; Pseudemydura umbrina
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Mitchell, N.; Hipsey, M.R.; Arnall, S.; McGrath, G.; Tareque, H.B.; Kuchling, G.; Vogwill, R.; Sivapalan, M.; Porter, W.P.; Kearney, M.R. Linking Eco-Energetics and Eco-Hydrology to Select Sites for the Assisted Colonization of Australia’s Rarest Reptile. Biology 2013, 2, 1-25.
Mitchell N, Hipsey MR, Arnall S, McGrath G, Tareque HB, Kuchling G, Vogwill R, Sivapalan M, Porter WP, Kearney MR. Linking Eco-Energetics and Eco-Hydrology to Select Sites for the Assisted Colonization of Australia’s Rarest Reptile. Biology. 2013; 2(1):1-25.
Mitchell, Nicola; Hipsey, Matthew R.; Arnall, Sophie; McGrath, Gavan; Tareque, Hasnein B.; Kuchling, Gerald; Vogwill, Ryan; Sivapalan, Murugesu; Porter, Warren P.; Kearney, Michael R. 2013. "Linking Eco-Energetics and Eco-Hydrology to Select Sites for the Assisted Colonization of Australia’s Rarest Reptile." Biology 2, no. 1: 1-25.