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Fibers 2016, 4(2), 19; doi:10.3390/fib4020019

3D FE Analysis of RC Beams Externally Strengthened with SRG/SRP Systems

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci, Cubo 39B, Rende, Cosenza 87036, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mahmoud Reda Taha
Received: 18 December 2015 / Accepted: 11 May 2016 / Published: 26 May 2016
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate, through a nonlinear Finite Element (FE) analysis, the structural behavior of Reinforced Concrete (RC) beams externally strengthened by using Steel Reinforced Grout (SRG) and Steel Reinforced Polymer (SRP) systems. The parameters taken into account were the external strengthening configuration, with or without U-wrap end anchorages, as well as the strengthening materials. The numerical simulations were carried out by using a three-dimensional (3D) FE model. The linear and nonlinear behavior of all materials was modeled by appropriate constitutive laws and the connection between concrete substrate and external reinforcing layer was simulated by means of cohesive surfaces with appropriate bond-slip laws. In order to overcome convergence difficulties, to simulate the quasi-static response of the strengthened RC beams, a dynamic approach was adopted. The numerical results in terms of load-displacement curves, failure modes, and load and strain values at critical stages were validated against some experimental data. As a result, the proposed 3D FE model can be used to predict the structural behavior up to ultimate stage of similar strengthened beams without carrying out experimental tests. View Full-Text
Keywords: reinforced concrete; steel reinforced grout; steel reinforced polymer reinforced concrete; steel reinforced grout; steel reinforced polymer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bencardino, F.; Condello, A. 3D FE Analysis of RC Beams Externally Strengthened with SRG/SRP Systems. Fibers 2016, 4, 19.

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