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Fibers 2015, 3(3), 296-308; doi:10.3390/fib3030296

Fabrication and Evaluation of Multilayer Nanofiber-Hydrogel Meshes with a Controlled Release Property

Department of Chemistry, Delaware State University, 1200 N. Dupont Highway, Dover, DE 19901, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jingwei Xie
Received: 4 June 2015 / Accepted: 14 July 2015 / Published: 17 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fibers for Biomedical Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [521 KB, uploaded 17 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

Controlled release drug delivery systems enable the sustained release of bioactive molecules, and increase bioavailability over an extended length of time. Biocompatible and biodegradable materials such as polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers and alginate hydrogel play a significant role in designing controlled release systems. Prolonged release of bioactive molecules is observed when these polymer materials are used as matrices independently. However, there has not been a report in the literature that shows how different molecules are released at various rates over time. The goal of this study is to demonstrate a novel drug delivery system that has a property of releasing designated drugs at various rates over a defined length of time. We fabricated multilayer nanofiber-hydrogel meshes using electrospun PCL nanofiber and alginate hydrogel, and evaluated their controlled release properties. The multilayer meshes are composed of sandwiched layers of alternating PCL nanofibers and alginate hydrogel. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), encapsulated in the designated hydrogel layers, is used as a mock drug for the release study. The exposed top layer of the meshes demonstrates a dramatically higher burst release and shorter release time compared to the deeper layers. Such properties of the different layers within the meshes can be employed to achieve the release of multiple drugs at different rates over a specified length of time. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrospun nanofiber; hydrogel; multilayer mesh; controlled release; ATP electrospun nanofiber; hydrogel; multilayer mesh; controlled release; ATP
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, R.; Niamat, R.A.; Sansbury, B.; Borjigin, M. Fabrication and Evaluation of Multilayer Nanofiber-Hydrogel Meshes with a Controlled Release Property. Fibers 2015, 3, 296-308.

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