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Fibers 2014, 2(4), 264-274; doi:10.3390/fib2040264

Preliminary Examinations for the Identification of U.S. Domestic and International Cotton Fibers by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

Southern Regional Research Center (S.R.R.C.), Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (U.S.D.A.), New Orleans, LA, 70124 USA
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Received: 22 May 2014 / Revised: 13 August 2014 / Accepted: 20 August 2014 / Published: 29 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cellulose Fibers)
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Abstract

Cotton is and has been a large cash crop in the United States and abroad for many years. Part of the widespread interest and utility of this product is due to its attractive chemical and physical properties for use in textiles. The textile industry could benefit from the presentation of a quick, reliable method to classify U.S. from foreign cottons so that the appropriate tariffs can be levied for non-American cottons. In addition, there is some interest in avoiding cotton identity theft. Thus, an accurate and precise instrumental method would be of interest to correctly identify the country of origin of cotton. This study provides an analytical method to identify domestic and foreign cotton fibers using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy coupled with principal component analysis (PCA). Samples from American cottons were evaluated along with a representative amount of international samples. The results provide a proof of concept that indicates that PCA analysis can be used to separate the respective domestic and foreign cotton groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: near-infrared; cotton; principal component analysis; domestic; international near-infrared; cotton; principal component analysis; domestic; international
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fortier, C.; Rodgers, J. Preliminary Examinations for the Identification of U.S. Domestic and International Cotton Fibers by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Fibers 2014, 2, 264-274.

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