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Coatings 2018, 8(2), 54; doi:10.3390/coatings8020054

On the Modelling of Algal Biofouling Growth on Nano-TiO2 Coated and Uncoated Limestones and Sandstones

Department of Construction, Civil Engineering and Architecture (DICEA), Università Politecnica delle Marche, via Brecce Bianche, 60131 Ancona, Italy
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Received: 21 November 2017 / Revised: 10 January 2018 / Accepted: 30 January 2018 / Published: 1 February 2018
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Abstract

Algal biofouling on archaeological and historic materials, as well as in modern building façade, is a common phenomenon that occurs when microorganisms of various nature adhere to the material, forming biological stains and patinas. It can significantly deteriorate the aesthetic and even mechanical quality of historic and archaeological artifacts. Thus, predicting the colonization progress of algae on treated and untreated materials can be helpful to establish appropriate schedules and methods of maintenance. In this way, the aim of this research was to modelize the algal colonization on nano-TiO2 coated and uncoated stone surfaces, usually found in historic and archaeological artifacts, by following Avrami’s theory. Particular attention was paid on correlating the model with some properties of the substrate, like roughness and porosity. Biofouling was tested on two sandstones and three limestone with different intrinsic characteristics (porosity, roughness) by means of an accelerated lab-scale test. A suspension of green alga Chlorella mirabilis and cyanobacteria Chroococcidiopsis fissurarum was used as biofouling. Digital image analysis was carried out in order to find the attachment rate and the growth of algal spots. Results show that the attachment specific rate increased linearly with time, and the assumption of a constant growth rate was acceptable. A good agreement between the simulation and the experimental results was obtained with a maximum error of 0.59%. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofouling; stones; modeling; durability; nanotechnology; titania; porosity; roughness; Avrami; nano-coating biofouling; stones; modeling; durability; nanotechnology; titania; porosity; roughness; Avrami; nano-coating
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Graziani, L.; Quagliarini, E. On the Modelling of Algal Biofouling Growth on Nano-TiO2 Coated and Uncoated Limestones and Sandstones. Coatings 2018, 8, 54.

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