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Coatings 2018, 8(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings8010024

Influence of Nitrogen Partial Pressure on Microstructure and Tribological Properties of Mo-Cu-V-N Composite Coatings with High Cu Content

1
School of Electromechanical Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, Guilin University of Aerospace Technology, Guilin 541004, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 November 2017 / Revised: 25 December 2017 / Accepted: 27 December 2017 / Published: 4 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hybrid Surface Coatings & Process (Selected Papers from HyMaP 2017))
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Abstract

In this study, Mo-Cu-V-N composite coatings with high Cu content of ~18 at.% were deposited on 316L stainless steel and YT14 cemented carbide substrates by high power impulse magnetron sputtering in Ar–N2 gas mixtures. The influence of N2 partial pressure was investigated with respect to the microstructure and tribological properties of the coatings. The results indicated that the Mo-Cu-V-N composite coatings exhibited FCC B1-MoN phase with a strong (200) preferred orientation, and Cu phase was found to exist as metallic species. As the N2 partial pressure increased from 0.11 to 0.35 Pa, the peak intensity of (200) plane decreased gradually and simultaneous peak broadening was observed, which was typical for grain refinement. With increasing the N2 partial pressure, the columnar microstructure became much coarser, which led to the decrease of residual stress and hardness. The Mo-Cu-V-N composite coatings with high Cu content exhibited a relatively low wear rate of 10−8 mm3/N·m at 25 °C, which was believed to be attributed to the mixed lubricious oxides of MoO2, CuO and V2O5 formed during tribo-oxidation, which cannot be formed in the coatings with low Cu content. When the wear temperature was increased up to 400 °C, the wear rate increased sharply up to 10−6 mm3/N·m despite the formation of lubricious oxides of MoO3/CuMoO4 and V2O5. This could be due to the loss of nitrogen and pronounced oxidation at high temperatures, which led the wear mechanism to be transformed from mild oxidation wear to severe oxidation wear. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mo-Cu-V-N; HIPIMS; N2 partial pressure; microstructure; tribological properties Mo-Cu-V-N; HIPIMS; N2 partial pressure; microstructure; tribological properties
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Mei, H.; Wang, R.; Zhong, X.; Dai, W.; Wang, Q. Influence of Nitrogen Partial Pressure on Microstructure and Tribological Properties of Mo-Cu-V-N Composite Coatings with High Cu Content. Coatings 2018, 8, 24.

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