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Coatings 2016, 6(4), 60; doi:10.3390/coatings6040060

Performances and Coating Morphology of a Siloxane-Based Hydrophobic Product Applied in Different Concentrations on a Highly Porous Stone

Institute of Archaeological Heritage-Monuments and Sites, CNR–IBAM, Prov.le Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
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Received: 19 September 2016 / Accepted: 9 November 2016 / Published: 13 November 2016
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Abstract

Many polymers, able to confer a hydrophobicity to treated surfaces, have been proposed for the restoration and conservation of civil and monumental buildings. Polysiloxanes, and their precursors, the silanes, have been frequently employed for stone protection. To avoid decay of the treated surfaces, the effectiveness and harmlessness of the treatment need to be carefully evaluated before application in the field. In this study, a commercial alkyl-siloxane was tested as a protective treatment on a highly porous stone, starting from water solutions with different contents of the product. The treatments have been devised to try to balance the requirements and the sustainability of the conservative actions. Sustainability, in terms of costs and environmental impact, is regarded as a key factor in the 21st century. Morphological observations of the stone surface, static contact angle and colour measurements, water vapour transmission test, and tests of water absorption were carried out to characterize the untreated and treated stones. A concentration below the minimum level suggested by the manufacturer was still able to act as a good barrier against water. More concentrated solutions produced polymer accumulation and coatings with extended cracks. The properties of the treated stone were affected by the presence of cracks in the coating. View Full-Text
Keywords: stone protection; siloxanes; hydrophobic coating; ESEM-EDS; permeability to water vapour; water absorption; contact sponge test stone protection; siloxanes; hydrophobic coating; ESEM-EDS; permeability to water vapour; water absorption; contact sponge test
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lettieri, M.; Masieri, M. Performances and Coating Morphology of a Siloxane-Based Hydrophobic Product Applied in Different Concentrations on a Highly Porous Stone. Coatings 2016, 6, 60.

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