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Coatings 2016, 6(1), 7; doi:10.3390/coatings6010007

Surface Treatments and Functional Coatings for Biocompatibility Improvement and Bacterial Adhesion Reduction in Dental Implantology

1
Materials and Microsystems Laboratory (ChiLab), Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, Torino 10129, Italy
2
Department of Surgical Sciences, CIR Dental School, Università di Torino, via Nizza 230, Torino 10127, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: James Kit-hon Tsoi
Received: 15 October 2015 / Revised: 30 December 2015 / Accepted: 20 January 2016 / Published: 27 January 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [281 KB, uploaded 27 January 2016]

Abstract

Surface modification of dental implants is a key process in the production of these medical devices, and especially titanium implants used in the dental practice are commonly subjected to surface modification processes before their clinical use. A wide range of treatments, such as sand blasting, acid etching, plasma etching, plasma spray deposition, sputtering deposition and cathodic arc deposition, have been studied over the years in order to improve the performance of dental implants. Improving or accelerating the osseointegration process is usually the main goal of these surface processes, but the improvement of biocompatibility and the prevention of bacterial adhesion are also of considerable importance. In this review, we report on the research of the recent years in the field of surface treatments and coatings deposition for the improvement of dental implants performance, with a main focus on the osseointegration acceleration, the reduction of bacterial adhesion and the improvement of biocompatibility. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental implants; titanium; surface modification; surface coatings; plasma polymers; osseointegration; antibacterial; biocompatibility dental implants; titanium; surface modification; surface coatings; plasma polymers; osseointegration; antibacterial; biocompatibility
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mandracci, P.; Mussano, F.; Rivolo, P.; Carossa, S. Surface Treatments and Functional Coatings for Biocompatibility Improvement and Bacterial Adhesion Reduction in Dental Implantology. Coatings 2016, 6, 7.

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