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Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections and Antibiotic Resistance—Epidemiological and Mechanistic Aspects
Antibiotics 2014, 3(3), 375-377; doi:10.3390/antibiotics3030375

Urinary Tract Infections

1 and 2,*
1 Urology Department, Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway 2 Urology Department, Technical University of Munich, Munich 81675, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2014 / Accepted: 23 July 2014 / Published: 14 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibiotics and Urinary Tract Infections)
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Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most frequently acquired infections in the community, but also in hospitals and other health care institutions, causing a huge amount of antibiotic consumption. During the last decade we have seen significant changes in the field of urinary tract infections regarding causative pathogens and antibiotic treatment calling for an update of current trends. The worldwide increase of uropathogens resistant to former first line antibiotics, such as cotrimoxazole, fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins, has had detrimental consequences not only for treatment but also for prophylaxis of infectious complications after urological interventions. A paradigm shift concerning asymptomatic bacteriuria has had a great impact on the definition and management of UTIs today [1–4]. [...]
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Johansen, T.E.B.; Naber, K.G. Urinary Tract Infections. Antibiotics 2014, 3, 375-377.

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