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Biosensors 2017, 7(4), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/bios7040061

Fluorescent and Colorimetric Electrospun Nanofibers for Heavy-Metal Sensing

1
Nanotechnology National Laboratory for Agriculture (LNNA), Embrapa Instrumentação, São Carlos 13560-970, SP, Brazil
2
PPG-CEM, Department of Materials Engineering, Center for Exact Sciences and Technology, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos 13565-905, SP, Brazil
3
PPGQ, Department of Chemistry, Center for Exact Sciences and Technology, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos 13565-905, SP, Brazil
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2017 / Revised: 9 December 2017 / Accepted: 13 December 2017 / Published: 15 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials Based Optical Biosensors)
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Abstract

The accumulation of heavy metals in the human body and/or in the environment can be highly deleterious for mankind, and currently, considerable efforts have been made to develop reliable and sensitive techniques for their detection. Among the detection methods, chemical sensors appear as a promising technology, with emphasis on systems employing optically active nanofibers. Such nanofibers can be obtained by the electrospinning technique, and further functionalized with optically active chromophores such as dyes, conjugated polymers, carbon-based nanomaterials and nanoparticles, in order to produce fluorescent and colorimetric nanofibers. In this review we survey recent investigations reporting the use of optically active electrospun nanofibers in sensors aiming at the specific detection of heavy metals using colorimetry and fluorescence methods. The examples given in this review article provide sufficient evidence of the potential of optically electrospun nanofibers as a valid approach to fabricate highly selective and sensitive optical sensors for fast and low-cost detection of heavy metals. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrospinning; optical sensors; heavy metals electrospinning; optical sensors; heavy metals
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Terra, I.A.A.; Mercante, L.A.; Andre, R.S.; Correa, D.S. Fluorescent and Colorimetric Electrospun Nanofibers for Heavy-Metal Sensing. Biosensors 2017, 7, 61.

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