An Affordable Microsphere-Based Device for Visual Assessment of Water Quality
AbstractThis work developed a prototype of an affordable, long-term water quality detection device that provides a visual readout upon detecting bacterial contamination. This device prototype consists of: (1) enzyme-releasing microspheres that lyse bacteria present in a sample, (2) microspheres that release probes that bind the DNA of the lysed bacteria, and (3) a detector region consisting of gold nanoparticles. The probes bind bacterial DNA, forming complexes. These complexes induce aggregation of the gold nanoparticles located in the detector region. The nanoparticle aggregation process causes a red to blue color change, providing a visual indicator of contamination being detected. Our group fabricated and characterized microspheres made of poly (ε-caprolactone) that released lysozyme (an enzyme that degrades bacterial cell walls) and hairpin DNA probes that bind to regions of the Escherichia coli genome over a 28-day time course. The released lysozyme retained its ability to lyse bacteria. We then showed that combining these components with gold nanoparticles followed by exposure to an E. coli-contaminated water sample (concentrations tested—106 and 108 cells/mL) resulted in a dramatic red to blue color change. Overall, this device represents a novel low-cost system for long term detection of bacteria in a water supply and other applications. View Full-Text
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Rajwani, A.; Restall, B.; Muller, N.J.; Roebuck, S.; Willerth, S.M. An Affordable Microsphere-Based Device for Visual Assessment of Water Quality. Biosensors 2017, 7, 31.
Rajwani A, Restall B, Muller NJ, Roebuck S, Willerth SM. An Affordable Microsphere-Based Device for Visual Assessment of Water Quality. Biosensors. 2017; 7(3):31.Chicago/Turabian Style
Rajwani, Azra; Restall, Brendon; Muller, Nathan J.; Roebuck, Scott; Willerth, Stephanie M. 2017. "An Affordable Microsphere-Based Device for Visual Assessment of Water Quality." Biosensors 7, no. 3: 31.
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