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Biosensors 2015, 5(3), 450-470; doi:10.3390/bios5030450

Water Quality Monitoring in Developing Countries; Can Microbial Fuel Cells be the Answer?

Centre for Sustainable Chemical Technologies, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pedro Estrela
Received: 30 May 2015 / Revised: 3 July 2015 / Accepted: 7 July 2015 / Published: 16 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low-Cost Biosensors for Developing Countries)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [363 KB, uploaded 16 July 2015]   |  


The provision of safe water and adequate sanitation in developing countries is a must. A range of chemical and biological methods are currently used to ensure the safety of water for consumption. These methods however suffer from high costs, complexity of use and inability to function onsite and in real time. The microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology has great potential for the rapid and simple testing of the quality of water sources. MFCs have the advantages of high simplicity and possibility for onsite and real time monitoring. Depending on the choice of manufacturing materials, this technology can also be highly cost effective. This review covers the state-of-the-art research on MFC sensors for water quality monitoring, and explores enabling factors for their use in developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbial fuel cell; microbial sensors; toxicant; BOD microbial fuel cell; microbial sensors; toxicant; BOD

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chouler, J.; Di Lorenzo, M. Water Quality Monitoring in Developing Countries; Can Microbial Fuel Cells be the Answer? Biosensors 2015, 5, 450-470.

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