Biosensors 2012, 2(4), 405-416; doi:10.3390/bios2040405
Article

Microfluidic-Based Amplification-Free Bacterial DNA Detection by Dielectrophoretic Concentration and Fluorescent Resonance Energy Transfer Assisted in Situ Hybridization (FRET-ISH)

1 Nanobiosensors Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA 2 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, CA 94550, USA # This author deceased on 4 July 2012.
This work performed partly under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. LLNL-JRNL-561017; Based on “Packard, M.M.; Shusteff, M.; Alocilja, E.C. Novel, rapid DNA-based on-chip bacterial identification system combining dielectrophoresis and amplification-free fluorescent resonance energy transfer assisted in-situ hybridization (FRET-ISH). Proc. SPIE 2011, doi: 10.1117/12.892425.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 August 2012; in revised form: 24 September 2012 / Accepted: 8 October 2012 / Published: 10 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano and Micro DNA/RNA Sensors)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [518 KB, uploaded 10 October 2012 16:45 CEST]
Abstract: Although real-time PCR (RT-PCR) has become a diagnostic standard for rapid identification of bacterial species, typical methods remain time-intensive due to sample preparation and amplification cycle times. The assay described in this work incorporates on-chip dielectrophoretic capture and concentration of bacterial cells, thermal lysis, cell permeabilization, and nucleic acid denaturation and fluorescence resonance energy transfer assisted in situ hybridization (FRET-ISH) species identification. Combining these techniques leverages the benefits of all of them, allowing identification to be accomplished completely on chip less than thirty minutes after receipt of sample, compared to multiple hours required by traditional RT-PCR and its requisite sample preparation.
Keywords: fluorescence resonance energy transfer assisted in situ hybridization (FRET-ISH); in situ hybridization (ISH); dielectrophoresis (DEP); on-chip diagnostics; lab on a chip; microbial identification

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Packard, M.M.; Shusteff, M.; Alocilja, E.C. Microfluidic-Based Amplification-Free Bacterial DNA Detection by Dielectrophoretic Concentration and Fluorescent Resonance Energy Transfer Assisted in Situ Hybridization (FRET-ISH). Biosensors 2012, 2, 405-416.

AMA Style

Packard MM, Shusteff M, Alocilja EC. Microfluidic-Based Amplification-Free Bacterial DNA Detection by Dielectrophoretic Concentration and Fluorescent Resonance Energy Transfer Assisted in Situ Hybridization (FRET-ISH). Biosensors. 2012; 2(4):405-416.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Packard, Michelle M.; Shusteff, Maxim; Alocilja, Evangelyn C. 2012. "Microfluidic-Based Amplification-Free Bacterial DNA Detection by Dielectrophoretic Concentration and Fluorescent Resonance Energy Transfer Assisted in Situ Hybridization (FRET-ISH)." Biosensors 2, no. 4: 405-416.

Biosensors EISSN 2079-6374 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert